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US urges UN to support Israel’s right to self-defense, calls on Iran to halt arms supply to Hamas.

US Proposes UN Resolution in Support of Israel’s Self-Defense and Demands Iran to Stop Arming Hamas

The United States Pushes for Israel’s Right to Defend Itself

The United States has presented a draft resolution to the United Nations Security Council, asserting Israel’s right to self-defense and calling on Iran to cease its arms exports to “militias and terrorist groups” that threaten peace and security in the region. The proposal emphasizes the need to protect civilians, including those seeking safety, and highlights the importance of complying with international law when responding to terrorist attacks. Additionally, it urges the continuous and unhindered delivery of aid to the Gaza Strip.

Efforts to Pass the Resolution

While it remains uncertain when the United States will put the draft resolution to a vote, it requires at least nine votes in favor and no vetoes from Russia, China, the United States, France, or Britain to pass. This move follows the United States’ veto of a Brazilian-drafted text seeking humanitarian pauses in the Israel-Palestinian conflict to facilitate aid access to Gaza.

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The United States’ Justification and Recent Developments

U.S. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield justified the veto by emphasizing the need for further diplomatic efforts on the ground. President Joe Biden and Secretary of State Antony Blinken have been actively involved in brokering aid access to Gaza and securing the release of hostages held by Hamas. Encouraging progress has been made, as Hamas released two American hostages, and the first humanitarian aid convoy from Egypt arrived in Gaza.

The Gaza Conflict and Israel’s Response

Israel has pledged to eradicate the Hamas Islamist group that governs Gaza. The conflict escalated when Hamas militants breached the barrier fence surrounding the enclave on October 7, launching attacks on Israeli towns and kibbutzes, resulting in numerous casualties. In response, Israel has carried out airstrikes, imposed a siege, and is preparing for a potential ground offensive. Palestinian authorities claim that over 4,000 people have been killed, while the United Nations estimates that more than a million have been displaced from their homes.

Preventing Escalation and Demanding Cessation of Attacks

The U.S. draft resolution does not call for a pause or truce in the fighting but instead urges all states to prevent violence in Gaza from spreading to other regions. It specifically demands the immediate cessation of attacks by Hezbollah and other armed groups. Lebanon’s Iran-backed Hezbollah has engaged in deadly clashes with Israel along the Lebanese border since October 7, marking the most significant confrontations since the 2006 month-long war.

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Iran’s Involvement and Israel’s Right to Self-Defense

The U.S. draft resolution also calls on Iran to halt its arms exports to groups that threaten regional peace and security, including Hamas. Iran has openly supported Hamas by providing funding and weapons, as well as assisting another Palestinian militant organization, Islamic Jihad. While Iran’s mission to the U.N. has not yet responded to the resolution, it previously denied involvement in the Hamas attack on Israel on October 7. The U.S. emphasizes that Israel’s right to self-defense is grounded in Article 51 of the U.N. Charter.

Controversy Surrounding Israel’s Actions

Arab countries argue that Israel cannot justify its actions as self-defense due to the status of the Gaza Strip as an occupied territory. Jordan’s U.N. Ambassador Mahmoud Daifallah Hmoud referred to a 2004 opinion by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the Israeli separation barrier in the West Bank, which concluded that Israel lacks the right to defend itself within occupied Palestinian territory. In response, Israel maintains that the barrier was constructed to prevent suicide bombings and rejects the ICJ ruling.

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