HomeEconomic IndicatorOctober sees modest increase in US business output as inflation pressures show...

October sees modest increase in US business output as inflation pressures show signs of easing.

US Business Output Rises in October; Inflation Pressures Ease

Positive Signs for US Business

US business output showed improvement in October, with the manufacturing sector rebounding from a five-month contraction. The pickup in new orders contributed to this positive trend, while services activity also accelerated modestly. These developments came alongside signs of easing inflationary pressures, according to S&P Global. Their flash US Composite Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) rose to 51.0 in October, surpassing the 50 level that separates expansion from contraction. This marked the highest level since July.

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US Economy Remains Strong

The sustained growth of the US economy throughout the year has defied expectations of a recession triggered by the Federal Reserve’s rate hikes. Despite the surge in interest rates, the economy has performed well, with the manufacturing and service sectors contributing to the positive momentum. Economists predict that the third-quarter gross domestic product (GDP) growth will be the highest in almost two years. This indicates that the positive trend is likely to continue in the fourth quarter.

Improved Output Growth

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The manufacturing PMI reached the break-even level of 50, the highest since April, signaling the end of a shallow contraction that began in May. Economists had expected a lower reading of 49.5. Additionally, new manufacturing orders rose for the first time in six months, reaching their highest level since September 2022.

Services Sector Shows Resilience

In the services sector, activity exceeded expectations, with the PMI reaching a three-month high of 50.9 in October. This defied forecasts of a modest slowdown, as the sector continued to grow. Furthermore, service providers increased prices by the smallest margin since the spring of 2020, indicating a slowdown in inflation. This development aligns with the Federal Reserve’s goal of achieving its 2% inflation target in the coming months without causing a contraction in output.

Positive Outlook and Concerns

The improved situation in October suggests a hopeful outlook for the US economy. The recent data on inflation and growth are encouraging, despite concerns about violence in the Middle East. While the path toward lower inflation has been uneven, recent figures indicate progress. The Commerce Department will report the latest inflation data on Friday, providing further insights into the state of the economy.

In Summary

The US economy has demonstrated resilience and growth, defying expectations of a recession triggered by interest rate hikes. The manufacturing sector has rebounded, and the services sector has shown strength, with inflationary pressures easing. The positive momentum in October indicates a hopeful start to the fourth quarter. Although challenges persist, the overall outlook for the US economy remains positive.

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