HomeEconomic IndicatorIn January, China's new bank loans reached a record high due to...

In January, China’s new bank loans reached a record high due to policy support.

China’s New Bank Loans Hit Record High in January

Record-Breaking Bank Loans

According to data from the People’s Bank of China (PBOC), new bank loans in China surged to a record high of 4.92 trillion yuan ($683.7 billion) in January, surpassing analysts’ expectations. This increase was attributed to the central bank’s efforts to bolster the country’s slowing economy, signaling potential additional stimulus measures in the near future.

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Policy Support

The surge in new bank loans comes as policymakers vow to implement further measures to support China’s post-COVID recovery. The economy faces challenges such as a deep property crisis and a prolonged stock market downturn, prompting the need for additional policy support.

Lending Trends

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Chinese lenders typically front-load loans at the beginning of the year to attract high-quality customers and gain market share, resulting in the substantial increase in new yuan loans in January. This trend has been consistent over the years, with January’s lending more than quadrupling compared to December.

Market Expectations

Economists anticipate that the strong bank lending in January will provide vital support to the real economy. Furthermore, it is projected that monetary policy will be loosened marginally in the future to continue bolstering economic growth.

Challenges and Recovery

Despite China’s 5.2% economic growth in 2023, the recovery has been less robust than anticipated, with a deepening property crisis and mounting deflationary risks posing challenges. The central bank has pledged to maintain flexible and precise policies to stimulate domestic demand while ensuring price stability.

Impact on Various Sectors

The surge in new loans was driven by a substantial increase in both household and corporate loans in January. Mortgage lending experienced a sharp rise, reflecting the impact of the new lending trend on different sectors of the economy.

Government Measures

To spur recovery, the finance ministry has committed to fiscal expansion this year, emphasizing public spending as a key tool for driving economic growth. Additionally, government bond issuance is expected to contribute to boosting total social financing (TSF), a broad measure of credit and liquidity in the economy.

Future Outlook

Analysts predict that two more policy rate cuts and two more RRR cuts are likely to be implemented in the remainder of the year to address deflationary risks and support economic recovery.


The surge in new bank loans in January reflects the ongoing efforts to bolster China’s economy amidst various challenges. As policymakers continue to implement supportive measures, the focus remains on sustaining economic growth and addressing deflationary risks.

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