HomeEconomic IndicatorIMF retains 2023 global economic growth projection, revises estimates for 2024, per...

IMF retains 2023 global economic growth projection, revises estimates for 2024, per latest report.

IMF Maintains Global GDP Growth Forecast for 2023, Adjusts Predictions for 2024

The IMF’s Latest Projections

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) recently released its updated global GDP growth predictions. The organization maintained its forecast of 3% growth for 2023 but slightly adjusted its projections for 2024, lowering it by 0.1 percentage points to 2.9%. In addition to these figures, the IMF also revised its world trade growth volume forecasts, decreasing this year’s prediction from 2% to 0.9% and next year’s from 3.7% to 3.5%.

Changes in Individual Economies

Looking at individual economies, the IMF made several revisions to its projections. The United States is expected to experience a growth rate of 2.1% this year, which will further increase to 1.5% in the following year. China and Russia are anticipated to see their economies expand by 5% and 4.2%, and 2.2% and 1.1%, respectively, during the same period.

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However, Germany’s economy is facing a contraction of half a percentage point this year, followed by a recovery with a growth rate of 0.9% in the subsequent year. These predictions represent a decline from earlier expectations.

Outlook for the Eurozone and Emerging Markets

The eurozone is expected to witness a growth rate of 0.7% next year and 1.2% in the following year. Both figures are lower than earlier estimates. Meanwhile, emerging markets are projected to grow at a rate of 4%, which is a slight dip from the previous forecast of 4.1% for the year 2024.

Romania’s Economic Outlook

Turning to Romania, the IMF predicts a growth rate of 2.2% in 2023, which will increase to 3.8% in 2024. The corresponding inflation rates are expected to be around 10.7% and 5.8%. Additionally, budget deficits are projected to be approximately 6% and 5%.

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Recommendations for Romania’s Economy

Jan Kees Martijn, the IMF mission head, emphasizes the need for additional measures beyond the government’s fiscal package. He specifically highlights the impact of turnover taxes on low-margin firms and recommends eliminating tax exemptions, revising property taxation laws, and transitioning to a green economy. Martijn insists on putting public finances on a healthy path, with the fiscal package serving as a crucial first step. He also advises continuing to clean the system by removing exemptions.

This article provides an overview of the IMF’s latest global GDP growth predictions and highlights the changes in individual economies. It also discusses Romania’s economic outlook and includes recommendations from the IMF mission head. The projections and recommendations aim to guide policymakers and stakeholders in making informed decisions for sustainable economic growth.

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